Achilles Tendonitis


What is it?

Achilles tendonitis is inflammation in and around the Achilles tendon.  This is often associated with pain and swelling at the back of the heel and leg. Some common symptoms which may indicate you are suffering from Achilles tendonitis are:

  • Sharp and nagging pain above the heel
  • Ankle stiffness
  • Swelling at the back of the heel

Why is it happening now?

The main cause of Achilles tendonitis is caused by tightness in the calf muscles.  The large calf muscles in the back of the leg come down to form the Achilles tendon. If these muscles are tight, they are causing the tendon to constantly pull at the back of the heel which over time can lead to tearing and degeneration of the tendon. Also, if the lower limbs are malaligned, it can lead to the tendon constantly rubbing on the heel bone which also causes pain and degeneration over time.  Finally, poor footwear that irritates the posterior heel and can cause inflammation in the area, can also put some strain on the tendon.

Can it be fixed?

Most definitely!  Your podiatrist will assess your painful Achilles tendon to determine which treatment is best suited to you.  Some of these include:

  • Rest, ice, elevation and compression therapy
  • Stretching and strengthening exercises for the lower limb
  • Better footwear
  • Orthotics
  • Heel raises